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Interactions among magnetite oxidation, calcination of ...

Interactions among magnetite oxidation, calcination of ...

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 · As the calcination reaction proceeds quicker than oxidation at temperatures experienced during the preheat stage (700–1200°C), the bulk flow of CO 2 emanating from within the pellet should disrupt the diffusion of O 2 to the magnetite reaction as the gas fluxes are similar in magnitude. This increases the time required for the oxidation of the pellet. Using an infrared rapid heating furnace ...

Detailed Modeling of the Direct Reduction of Iron Ore in a ...

Detailed Modeling of the Direct Reduction of Iron Ore in a ...

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The moving bed is assumed to be comprised of pellets of grains and crystallites. We also take into account eight heterogeneous and two homogeneous chemical reactions. The local mass, energy, and momentum balances are numerically solved, using the finite volume method. This model was successfully validated by simulating the shaft furnaces of two direct reduction plants of different .

The future of steelmaking

The future of steelmaking

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SHAFT FURNACE How it works: Instead of a carbon reductant such as coke, H 2 is used to reduce iron ore pellets to "direct reduced iron" (DRI, or sponge iron). The reaction takes place in a shaft furnace, a type of furnace that uses gas reductants to make DRI. The operating temperature can be fairly low, around 800°C. The DRI is then fed into ...

Chemical reactions in the blast furnace as it happens

Chemical reactions in the blast furnace as it happens

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The chemical reactions that occur through the furnace reduce the iron ore pellets into liquid iron as they descend through the furnace. Experimental studies and live operation measurements can be ...

DRI production | International Iron Metallics Association

DRI production | International Iron Metallics Association

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The chemical reactions involved in the direct reduction of iron are the following: With H2. ... The Midrex® and Energiron gasbased processes use predominantly iron ore pellets as feedstock, but sometimes with inclusion of lump ore in the furnace charge. The Finmet / Finored gasbased process utilizes iron ore fines as feedstock. The SLRN coalbased rotary kiln process uses lump ore and ...

Ore Pellet

Ore Pellet

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For example, in blast furnace iron making, Fig., iron oxide in the form of lumpy ore, sinter or pellet along with coke and limestone, are charged on the top of the furnace continuously. The charge slowly moves down and hot reducing gases produced by burning of coke in front of tuyeres move up through the bed of solids and finally escape through the gas outlet. The heat is transferred from ...

Iron ore pelletizing

Iron ore pelletizing

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Iron ore fines are agglomerated into pellets and then indurated using a furnace to create iron ore pellets. These are typically fed to a blast furnace or DRI plant as part of the process to make steel. Expertise . Designed and supplied the largest straight grate systems in the world. Best features technologies. Helping our customers to determine which process is the best for their .

Blast furnace charging: Small Coke and Iron Ore Pellet ...

Blast furnace charging: Small Coke and Iron Ore Pellet ...

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Reaction model to estimate accompanying carbonaceous ...

Reaction model to estimate accompanying carbonaceous ...

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With an unreactedcorebased reaction kinetics model, appropriate conditions to achieve carbonaccompanying pellet even after sintering in oxygen atmosphere and high temperature were examined. As a result, 5 mm coke core size, 5 mm iron ore shell thickness and less than 5% CaO content in shell were preferred design. Second, according to the reduction analysis, the high reducibility mechanism ...

Preparation of MgO added iron ore pellets and effects on a ...

Preparation of MgO added iron ore pellets and effects on a ...

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PrEParatIon of Mgo addEd Iron orE PEllEtS and EffEctS on a PIlot ScalE BlaSt furnacE oPEratIon t.J. chun a, G. a, Q.M. Meng a*, H.M. long ab*, P. Wang a, c.G. Bi c a* School of Metallurgical Engineering, Anhui University of Technology, Ma'anshan, Anhui, China b* Key Laboratory of Metallurgical Emission Reduction Resources Recycling, Ministry of Eduion,

Understanding reactions in iron ore pellets

Understanding reactions in iron ore pellets

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Download Citation | Understanding reactions in iron ore pellets | The induration furnace for iron ore pellets was originally designed to process concentrates with high contents of magnetite. To ...

Experimental study of the temperature profile in an iron ...

Experimental study of the temperature profile in an iron ...

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The Hydrogen Breakthrough Ironmaking Technology (HYBRIT) initiative will reduce iron ore pellets in similar shaft furnaces used in other parts of the world today, MIDREX or HYL processes. The main reductant, hydrogen, will only leave water and no carbon dioxide. The direct reduced iron (DRI) remains in its solid form and needs to be melted in an EAF before steel is produced. This will lead to ...

What is solution loss reaction in blast furnace ...

What is solution loss reaction in blast furnace ...

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The reactions of the blast furnace involve 1) combustion of the fuel and its conversion into carbon monoxide, 2) reduction of the ore, and 3) formation of slag. A reaction such as FeO + CO = Fe + CO2 can occur in both the forward and backward direction under conditions existing somewhere in the blast furnace. What is the purpose of coke in the blast furnace? Blast furnace ironmaking makes use ...

Modeling of iron ore reactions in blast furnace ...

Modeling of iron ore reactions in blast furnace ...

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 · Iron ore (pellet, sinter and lump) is gradually reduced to iron in blast furnace. The reductions are a serial of heterogeneous gas solid reactions that take place from the top of the furnace and throughout the shaft region of the furnace. For full blast furnace numerical modeling, the accurate prediction of the reaction kinetics is essential as the reaction rates will be used as the source ...

AIST

AIST

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The kinetics of the reduction reactions is calculated in a singlepellet submodel. 2D maps of the temperatures and compositions of the gas and solid phases reveal the details of the transformations inside the furnace. The calculated values are in good agreement with available industrial data. Keywords: ironmaking, direct reduction, iron ore, DRI, shaft furnace, mathematical model, simulation ...